Institution: Northwestern University Student
Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us
Author: Daniel Pink
Daniel H. Pink, author of Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us, opens the book with information regarding the widely held beliefs of the two major "operating systems" of motivation: the first, called Motivation 1.0, is the biological operating system, suggesting that humans eat, drink, and reproduce in order to ensure survival. Hundreds of years later, a new operating system was developed to fit a more complex society, thus creating Motivation 2.0, based on the behaviorism approach to psychology; the idea that humans will repeat a behavior that is rewarded and discontinue a behavior punished. However, as society continues to grow more complex, Pink alerts us to the bugs of operating system 2.0, referencing a third operating system based on intrinsic motivation, accounting for concepts such as anything "open-source" to altruistic deeds. Presenting a great deal of evidence for the third operating system with myriad discussions of psychological experiments and decades of scientific research, he analyzes the three elements of true motivation-- autonomy, mastery, and purpose. Pink then uses these three elements to reveal the errors made by many in the process of attempting to motivate those around them, suggesting new approaches to improve productivity, creativity, and performance at work, school, and home.
Other Related Resources
Author Daniel Pink’s 2009 Ted Talk, “The Puzzle of Motivation” which has over 11 million viewings to date.
Author Daniel Pink's Website which includes a link to his monthly podcast called Office Hours in which he interviews top authors, scientists, and entrepreneurs. Previous podcasts include interviews with Malcom Gladwell (author of David and Goliath), Tom Rath (author of Eat, Move, Sleep), Dan Ariely (Duke University behavioral economist and author of The Honest Truth About Dishonesty), and Diane Ravitch (education historian, former US Assistant Secretary of Education, and author of Reign of Error) and others.
Daniel Pink's 2014 Northwestern University Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences Convocation Address
Psychological Figures and Concepts
Behaviorism Approach to Psychology
Functional Fixedness/ Candle Problem
Humanism Approach to Psychology